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Figure it out fridays 


FIOF 16-04.jpg
FIOF 16-04 intraop.jpg

A 78-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with right upper-quadrant pain and nausea. Abdominal ultrasound showed a gallbladder full of a heterogenic content with no signs of lithiasis or acute cholecystitis. Blood lipase was significantly elevated. She was admitted for acute pancreatitis. During hospitalization she developed jaundice and hematemesis requiring blood transfusion. The upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy with side-view duodenoscopy showed blood through the papilla of Vater. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the content of the gallbladder with no changes in the biliary tree. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiogram was performed.What is the most likely cause of the bleeding?


A. Iatrogenesis

B. Hemorrhagic cholecystitis

C. Pancreatitis

D. Dieulafoy lesion 

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